The four permanent adult teeth, known as wisdom teeth, are placed at the top and bottom back corners of your mouth. A wisdom tooth extraction is a surgical procedure to remove one or more of these teeth. You’ll probably need to have a wisdom tooth removed if it is impacted or causing you pain, an infection, or other dental issues. An oral surgeon or a dentist can remove a wisdom tooth. Even if impacted teeth aren’t currently causing issues, some dentists and oral surgeons advise wisdom tooth extraction to avoid potential future issues.
What are the risks of tooth wisdom extractions?
The majority of wisdom tooth extractions don’t cause long-term issues. However, sometimes a surgical procedure that involves making an incision in the gum tissue and bone excision is necessary to remove an impacted wisdom tooth. Rare problems may arise from:
- When the post-operative blood clot is lost from the site of the surgical wound, a painful dry socket or exposed bone results (socket)
- Bacterial or food-particle-trapped infection in the socket
- Damage to the bones, sinuses, nerves, or teeth close
Why is wisdom tooth extraction done?
The final permanent teeth to erupt in the mouth are the wisdom teeth, sometimes known as third molars. Between the ages of 17 and 25 is when these teeth typically erupt. Some individuals never get wisdom teeth. Others do not experience issues when their wisdom teeth erupt naturally, just like their other molars did. Wisdom teeth that don’t have enough room to erupt into the mouth or develop normally are impacted wisdom teeth. Impacted wisdom teeth may partially or completely fail to emerge.
How do you get ready for extraction?
The procedure might be carried out in the dental office. However, your dentist could advise seeing an oral surgeon if your tooth is severely impacted or if the extraction calls for a complex surgical procedure. Your surgeon may advise sedation in addition to local anesthesia to numb the area and make you more comfortable throughout the treatment.